Criteria: Exceptionally meritorious service to the United States Government in a duty of great responsibility
Devices: All Services: Bronze & Silver Oak Leaf Cluster
Notes: Originally issued with European (unedged) ribbon (“French Cut”)
Authorized by Congress on July 9, 1918 for exceptionally meritorious service to the United States while serving in a duty of great responsibility with the U.S. Army. It was originally intended for qualifying actions during wartime only but was later authorized during both wartime or peacetime.