23rd Americal Division Patch
Military spec 3 inch vertical measurement color shoulder patch
The Americal Division, officially the 23rd Infantry Division, of the United States Army was formed in May 1942 on the island of New Caledonia. In the immediate emergency following Pearl Harbor, the United States had hurriedly sent three individual regiments to defend New Caledonia against a feared Japanese attack. These were the 132d Infantry Regiment of the Illinois National Guard, the 164th Infantry Regiment from North Dakota, and the 182d Infantry Regiment from Massachusetts. For morale purposes, the Army decided to form these units into a new division. At the suggestion of a subordinate, the division's commander, Major General Alexander Patch, requested that the new unit be known as the Americal Division—the name being a contraction of 'America' and 'New Caledonia.' This was unusual, as most U.S. divisions are known by a number.
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